Physical properties of the litter in successional forests of interfluvial plateau and floodplain in the lower Guamá river, Eastern Amazonia




Amazonia floodplain. Litter. Secondary forests.


The forest ecosystems of the Amazonia biome are indispensable for climate regulation and service provision. Among them, the fluvial plains (ESFpf) stand out, due to their role in erosion control and water quality. However, the limited information available on this ecosystem is evident when compared to interfluvial plateaus (ESFpi). Thus, this study aimed to evaluate and compare the litter stock and water storage capacity in successional ecosystems in the Eastern Amazonia. The study ecosystems (ESFpf and ESFpi) are located in the municipality of Belém, Pará, in the region of the lower Guamá River. In each ecosystem, 12 permanent plots (100 m²) were installed, where in the periods of higher and lower rainfall, three subunits of litter samples were randomly collected. Water storage in the rainy season did not differ between ecosystems, while in the less rainy season ESFpf (245.91 ± 73.19%) was higher than ESFpi (182.31 ± 77.25%). For the litter stock, there was no influence of seasonality and in both periods the ESFpi averages were higher. Infer that due to the favorable conditions for the action of the edaphic fauna in the ESFpf, there was a reduction in the contact area of the litter, increasing the water storage capacity. The smaller stock found in the ESFpf allow to infer that there was an efficient cycling of nutrients, since these ecosystems are characterized by high litter deposition. Therefore, the results contribute to the understanding of the functional processes of the Amazon river plains ecosystems.

Biografia do Autor

Julia Isabella de Matos Rodrigues

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Florestais, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia.

Walmer Martins Bruno Rocha

Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, Capitão Poço.

Felipe Cardoso de Menezes

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Florestais, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia.

Francisco de Assis Oliveira

Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, Belém, Pará, Brasil.

Tirza Teixeira Brito

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Meio Ambiente, Universidade Federal do Pará.






Original Scientific Article